Protective skin: Skin Prep Protective Barriers

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Skin Prep Protective Barriers

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Skin Prep Protective Barriers are liquid silicone based products to create a film layer to shield delicate and vulnerable skin. The barriers are for peristomal skin, periwound skin and damaged skin to protect against friction, body fluids and damaging effects of adhesives. It’s applied directly beneath tapes, adhesives and flexible skin barriers to create the best water-proof environment for wound dressings, ostomy pouches, drainage tubes, and external catheters. These products come in a variety of packaging including sprays, wipes and foam to add a smooth layer to the skin with ease. Barriers hold up without cracking and peeling and can be removed with soap and water.

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Individuals with an ostomy needing a protective skin barrier can find wafers and flexible skin barriers designed to protect the stoma found in Ostomy Skin Barriers. These products offer a variety of barriers to be cut by user to customize to the size of stoma or choose from pre-cut barriers to eliminate measuring, tracing and cutting.

Wipes- are for convenient single-use application. Each wipe is individually packaged making it easy to use and portable. Skin Prep Protective Barriers include no-sting formulas and are void of alcohol to be extra gentle to the skin.

Sprays- are non-aerosol pump sprays allow user to target the area with precision. The clear formulas are clear, flexible and sting-free. Many barrier sprays come in smaller options for portability as well.

Foam- pumps create a lightweight dose of the film layer that smooths easily over the skin and dries in seconds.

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Thin Skin Protection Sleeves | Made in USA

Thin Skin Protection Sleeves | Made in USA | Skin Guards


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Thinning or papery skin is common for millions of people.   It can be caused by medications, dietary supplements or be a natural part of the aging process.  Skin Guards by Nelson Wear are designed to help you cover up minor cuts and bruises.  They block 97% of harmful UV rays, can get wet without any issues and are proudly Made in the USA (sweat shop free). They are not thick and meant to be a breathable layer of protection against minor scrapes. Many of our customers wear them outdoors for sun protection while gardening or inside while doing household tasks.  Skin Guards also provide mild compression that can help improve circulation. Nelson Wear is a family business and we donate a portion of the profits from the sales of Skin Guards to the Skin Cancer Foundation.

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Breathable Comfortable U.S. Made Skin Guards

 

Don’t let thinning skin keep you from enjoying the things you love. Grab a pair of Skin Guards Today!

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Safety Update: Our fulfillment center practices social distancing and our staff are required to take all safety precautions possible while processing your orders. We take the safety of our team and our customers seriously and will continue to comply with all social distancing and Covid related security measures.

Skin: structure and functions of human skin

What is skin
Skin covers our entire body and is the largest human organ. In an adult, the skin area is about 2 square meters. Together with subcutaneous adipose tissue, its weight averages 16-17% of the total body weight [3].

It protects our body from the environment by maintaining its homeostasis (self-regulating process). The skin provides natural thermoregulation: it prevents overheating or hypothermia of the body. It is involved in respiration and metabolic processes.
Our skin, like a mirror, reflects our emotions and physical condition.

Structure of the skin
If we talk about the structure of the skin, then it consists of three main layers: epidermis, dermis and hypodermis (subcutaneous fat).
Consider the structure of the skin in a little more detail.

Epidermis
Epi is translated from Greek as “above”, dermis – skin. The epidermis is the top layer of the skin, its thickness is about 0.05-0.1 mm [1].
Four layers are distinguished in the structure of the epidermis [2]:
• basal
• spiny
• granular
• horny (outer layer)
Every 3-4 weeks the epidermis is renewed. This process begins in the basal (rudimentary) layer. Cells ascend to the upper stratum corneum, transforming into other types of cells along the way.

The cells on the basement membrane mature and become keratinocytes. Keratinocytes divide and move closer to the outer layer – the stratum corneum. As the cells are pushed towards the surface, they become flatter. In the end, they lose their core, die off and turn into scales, of which the stratum corneum consists. This creates a barrier from the external environment. The process of renewal of the stratum corneum is constant, we lose about 40,000 scales per minute. If the skin is healthy, this process is invisible to the eye. [1].

Dermis
Under the epidermis is a deeper layer – the dermis (dermis – skin). Its thickness is almost 2 mm. It is represented by connective tissue, which is based on strong protein fibers-collagen and elastin. Collagen makes our skin strong, elastin makes it elastic.
In the dermis there is a complex network of blood and lymphatic vessels, nerve endings, hair follicles, sweat and sebaceous glands are also located in the dermis. According to its structure, the dermis can be divided into two levels: superficial papillary dermis and deep reticular dermis.

Hypodermis (subcutaneous fatty tissue)
Hypodermis (or subcutis (sub – under, cutis – the name of the dermis and upper layer of the skin)) is the largest and heaviest layer, without it the skin would weigh 3 kg, and with it it can weigh up to 20 kg [3].
Thanks to the hypodermis, the human body acquires soft features, without it the bones and joints would be clearly visible. Loose connective tissue and fat participate in the structure of this layer. The hypodermis is permeated with blood vessels and nerve endings, but larger than those in the dermis.
Of course, the structure of the skin is much more complicated, but these three layers of which the skin is composed represent its main “floors”.

Functions of the skin
The functions of the skin are very diverse and each of its layers has its own tasks.
The epidermis primarily creates a protective barrier and has an acid mantle. It protects against the effects of various harmful substances and allergens, as well as mechanical influences. The protective function of the skin is one of the most important.
Acids in the stratum corneum lower pH and bind water, keeping the top layer of skin hydrated. The pH level is important for the skin microbiome – a collection of microorganisms on the surface of human skin that perform important protective and regulatory functions.
The spinous layer contains Langerhans cells, which are responsible for the immune defense of the skin. Merkel cells are also located in the upper layer and among their functions is to provide skin sensitivity [2].
Even in the epidermis there are melanocyte pigment cells that determine skin color and perform the function of protection from UV rays [2].
The dermis regulates the body’s heat transfer. To lower body temperature, sweat glands remove moisture to the surface of the skin. To keep us warm, it reduces blood flow to the skin, which helps keep the heat inside the body.
Thanks to the dermis, our skin is strong and elastic. Here are the hair follicles from which hair grows.
The blood vessels of the dermis supply the skin with oxygen and nutrients and support the immune system. Nerve endings located in the dermis transmit important information to the brain, such as heat or pain.
Nutrients accumulate and store in the hypodermis. Subcutaneous fat prevents hypothermia of the body. It creates additional protection for internal organs.
As you can see, it is impossible to overestimate the importance of skin functions for a person.

Skin care

Face
Facial skin care depends on the condition of your skin (sensitivity, sebaceous glands, age-related changes, etc.) and it is better to be selected by a dermatologist. Basic care includes cleansing, moisturizing and sun protection. Funds are selected individually.

Body
One of the basic rules for skin care is to avoid daily bathing with soap. Every day you can take a shower without harm to the skin only using water, as it has a neutral pH value. If you want to use a detergent, it should be odorless, colorless and almost foam free. Using soap with high pH, ​​we destroy the protective barrier, and it takes 4 weeks for the epidermis to fully recover.

Showering is better for human skin than bathing. Since when you lie in a foam bath for a long time, the skin is leached.
Be careful with different oils. They are aggressive cleaning agents and are not suitable for maintenance. Due to the frequent use of the oil, dry eczema may appear on the skin. Fat-containing creams, ointments or lipolosions are much better for moisturizing [1].

Legs
Do not aggressively remove the stratum corneum, as it protects the soft tissues from being squeezed. Its excess can be removed with a file.
Cracks may appear on the keratinized layer of the legs, and the skin may become rough. In order to prevent dangerous bacteria from penetrating through cracks in the skin, you can use a greasy ointment. Apply it before bed and wrap your feet in an airtight film. This procedure will allow the ointment to penetrate even into the stratum corneum [1].

Used literature:
1. Adler J. What hides the skin. 2 square meters that dictate how we live. M.: Publishing house “E”, 2017, p. 13.
2. Bykov V.L. Private histology of man. 2nd ed. St. Petersburg: SOTIS, 1999, p. 215.
3. Medical encyclopedia. Skin[Electronic resource] URL: dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enc_medicine/14590

Onco Wiki – How does the skin work?

Conventionally, all the numerous functions of the skin can be combined into three main ones: barrier, regulatory and sensory.

Barrier (protective) function

Skin is an indispensable organ that covers the human body, protecting it from external influences:

  • toxic substances,
  • microorganisms,
  • sunlight,
  • moisture,
  • cold,
  • high temperatures,
  • mechanical damage.

Cells of constantly renewing epidermis provide mechanical protection. Its stratum corneum, the most superficial, consists of tough dead scales.

Keratin, collagen and elastin provide firmness and strength to the skin.

In the lower (basal) layer of the epidermis there are melanocytes – cells containing the melanin pigment that protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation. From melanocytes, the most dangerous of skin tumors, melanoma, can develop.

Langerhans cells (spiky layer of the epidermis) are responsible for immunity in the skin.

The sebaceous glands secrete a secret called sebum, which keeps the skin elastic and repels moisture.

Regulatory function

First of all, the skin is a powerful thermoregulatory organ. When the ambient temperature drops, the muscle fibers of the papillary dermis contract. This leads to a decrease in blood flow to all layers of the skin and a decrease in heat transfer. The hairline also protects the body from hypothermia.

Evaporation of sweat leads to cooling of the body surface at high temperatures. Also, a large amount of nitrogen metabolism products and excess salts are released with sweat.

When the temperature rises, a reflex expansion of the skin vessels occurs, which enhances the release of heat.

Subcutaneous adipose tissue is a depot for storing fluid reserves, nutrients and fat-soluble vitamins, including vitamin D. Also, part of the female sex hormones is formed here.

Sensory function

Merkel and Paccini cells are located in the epidermis, responsible for tactile sensations, forming skin sensitivity.

There are many nerve endings in the dermis, there are also receptors here:

  • cold,
  • thermal,
  • painful.

Reflex arcs begin in the skin, forcing us to unconsciously withdraw our hand from hot objects.

What else to read?

  1. An article about the structure and functions of the skin in plain language.
  2. Article on the structure and functions of the skin in English.

Vladislav Putintsev

Oncologist, chemotherapist, graduate of the Higher School of Oncology

June 8, 2022

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